A literary research paper is one that provides a review and background on a subject. The subject is the research, and the literature you review is literature related to the subject. The purpose of the analysis is to show the reader what research has already been completed on the topic and to prompt questions in the mind of the reader that you will answer in the rest of the paper.
Because there is already research related to the topic you choose, your purpose is to build on the discoveries that have already been made in the field. So your paper needs to cover the research already done, and show the need for further research. In a sense, the literary research paper will provide a summary of previous research and a critique of it.
One odd thing that many students struggle with is the number of sources they need for the literary paper. The answer to this is contingent upon the number of pages required for your paper.
Now comes the research. In order to write a literary paper you need to review relevant materials related to the topic. So what are the best sources to use?
Doing all of this will help you to write the perfect literary research analysis. Be sure to cite your sources properly and use whatever format is required by your teacher or professor.